Are you cold?
Does he go to school by bike?
Who is your English teacher?
Whose father is a worker?
There be 句型
There is a mobile phone and some books on the desk.
There are thousands of people gathering on the square.
注意：引导词there 还可以接appear,exist, lie, remain, seem, stand, live 等词。
There lived an old fisherman in the village.
There stand two white houses by the river.
There existed some doubt among the students.
“May I come in and take a rest?” asked the poor girl.
“Get out of the room!” shouted the angry woman.
当if引导的虚拟条件从句中含有had, were, should等时，如将if省略，则要将had, were, should等移到主语前，构成倒装句。
Had you come yesterday, you would have seen him.
Should you require anything give me a ring.
Were it not for your help, I would still be homeless.
Had I money, I would buy it. 假若我有钱，我就会买它。
1）here, there, now,then, thus等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用be,come, go, lie, run等表示来去或状态的动词。
Then came the chairman.
Here is your letter.
2）表示运动方向的副词或地点状语置于句首，以out, in, up, down, off, away等副词开头，谓语动词是表示“移动”的go, come, leave等句子里。
Ahead sat an old woman.
Down went the small boat.
3）表示地点的介词词组位于句首，谓语动词是表示“存在”之意的be, lie, stand, exist等句子中。
South of the lake lies a big supermarket.
20 miles east of our school lies a modern swimming pool.
4)在there be或者there live(stand, appear, seem, remain, exist….) 句型中。
如no, not,never, seldom, little, hardly, scarcely, rarely, at no time决不, by no means, on no account, inno case, many a time, under no circumstances, in no way, many a time, not until… 等。
He cares little about his clothes.
= Little does he care about his clothes.
I have never seen him before.
= Never have I seen him before.
= Never before have I seen him.
The mother didn't leave the room until the child fell asleep.
= Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room.
Churchill was not only a statesman, but a poet.
= Not only was Churchill a statesman, but a poet.
I shall by no means give up.
= By no means shall I give up. 我决不放弃。
Hardlyhad he started to leave when it began to rain.
Scarcelyhad he sat down when his mobilephone rang.
No soonerhad he handed in his paper than he realized his mistakes.
Seldomis my son late for school.
In no caseshould you touch it.
如：Not only…but also, Hardly/Scarcely…when, No sooner… than等，前倒后不倒。
Not only did he refuse the gift, he also severely criticized the sender.
Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her. 她刚出门，就有个学生来访。
No sooner had she gone out than a student came to visit her. 她刚出门，就有个学生来访。
3．so, neither, nor作部分倒装
表示另一主语“也…样”时，用“So +be(have,助动词或情态动词)+主语”结构；而表示另一主语“也不…样”时，用“Nor\Neither + be(have,助动词或情态动词)+主语”结构。
Tom can speak French. So can Jack.
If you won't go, neither will I.
She won’t go. Neither/Nor will I.
注意：如果前面所说的内容既有肯定又有否定，或前后的谓语动词形式不一致时，用“It is the same with +主语”结构或用“So it is with +主语”结构。
Only then did I see life was not easy.
Only in this way, can you learn English well.
Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting.
Only yesterday did he find out that his watch was missing.（only+副词）
Only when it began to rain did he finish his job.
Only when he is seriously ill does he ever stay in bed.
5. so… that，such…that引导的结果状语从句中，部分倒装。当so位于句首时，用”so +adj. + 主语+谓语”。
So frightened was he that he did not dare to move an inch.
So difficult was the exam that most of the students failed to pass it.
So stingy is she that none of us likes her.
6. so作“也”讲时，引导的句子用倒装语序，表示前面所说的肯定情况也适用于另一人(或物)。其句型是：So + be（have，助动词或情态动词）+主语
She has been to Tokyo. So have I.
He can send emails to his former classmates. So can she.
7. as, though引导的部分倒装
as / though引导的让步从句由于语法需要，可将表语或状语提前（形容词, 副词, 分词, 实义动词提前）。
Shortest as/though she is, she is not the richest.
Child as he is, he knows a lot.
Fail as I did, I would try again.
注意：让步状语从句中，有though，although时，后面的主句不能有but，但是 though 和yet可连用。
Rich as he is, he never spends a cent on clothes.
Much as I admire his courage, I don’t think he acted wisely.
Child as he is, he knows a lot.
Boy as he was, he was chosen king.
Try as he may, he never succeeds.
Change your mind as you will, you will gain no additional support.
8．一些表示频率的副词（如many a time, often等）位于句首时。
I have seen her taking a walk alone many a time.
Many a time have I seen her taking a walk alone.
She often came to my house in the past.
Often did she come to my house in the past.